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Bream (/ˈbrɪm/ (listen)[1][2] /ˈbriːm/[2]) are species of freshwater and marine fish belonging to a variety of genera including Abramis[3][4] (e.g., A. brama, the common bream), Acanthopagrus, Argyrops, Blicca, Brama, Chilotilapia, Etelis, Lepomis, Gymnocranius, Lethrinus, Nemipterus, Pharyngochromis, Rhabdosargus, Scolopsis, or Serranochromis.


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Although species from all of these genera are called "bream", the term does not imply a degree of relatedness between them. Fish termed "bream" tend to be narrow, deep-bodied species. The name is a derivation of the Middle English word breme, of Old French origin.

The term sea bream is sometimes used for gilt-head bream (Sparus aurata), (orata in Italy, dorada in Spain) or porgies (both family Sparidae) or pomfrets (family Bramidae) .

type of common European freshwater fish, late 14c., breme, from Old French braisme "bream," from Frankish *brahsima, from West Germanic *brahsm- (compare Old High German brahsima), perhaps from Proto-Germanic base *brehwan "to shine, glitter, sparkle," from PIE *bherek- (see braid (v.)). Insipid and little esteemed as food. The name also was given to various similar fish in other places.

The first outbreak of red sea bream iridoviral disease caused by red sea bream iridovirus (RSIV) was recorded in cultured red sea bream Pagrus major in Shikoku Island, Japan in 1990. Since 1991, the disease has caused mass mortalities of cultured marine fishes not only red sea bream but also many other species. The affected fish were lethargic and exhibited severe anemia, petechiae of the gills, and enlargement of the spleen. The causative agent was a large, icosahedral, cytoplasmic DNA virus classified as a member of the family Iridoviridae and was designated as red sea bream iridovirus (RSIV). The genome of RSIV is liner dsDNA and considered to be circularly permitted and terminally redundant like other iridoviruses. The length of physical map of RSIV genome is 112,415bp. An indirect immunofluorescence test with a monoclonal antibody and PCR are commonly used for the rapid diagnosis of RSIV infected fish in the field. For the control of this disease, a formalin-killed vaccine against red sea bream iridoviral disease was developed and now commercially available.

The spring sun is starting to get some weight behind it, and the warmth of the breeze feels quite nice on this pleasant afternoon. But as nice as the sun and breeze feel, neither of them compares to the feel of the rod bending over in my hand and the strong thumps of a big spring bream tail as it fights for freedom.

I had cast my tiny crankbait as far as I could ahead of me where the pond bottom dropped off from the two-foot shallows where bream would be bedding and working hard in a month or so. I wanted my lure to move through the deeper water, and from the fight I had on my hands, it looked like what I wanted to happen worked pretty well.

From the big northern lakes of Alabama, Guntersville and Wheeler, down to the massive Mobile Delta and everywhere in between, some world-class bream can be found. Both bluegills and shellcrackers make Alabama home, and anglers are never far from a potentially great, early spring bream fishing spot.

Especially the myriad of small ponds which dot the Alabama landscape are great early spring locations for bream fishing. In fact, these smaller, shallower ponds often warm up quicker than the bigger waters, so anglers can find the bream more eager to bite in the ponds and small reservoirs.

In March, the bream are usually actively working drop-offs and ledges that are deep enough to provide cover, protection, and good feeding yet are close to the spawning grounds that the big bream will be moving into shortly.

At this point, bream are getting ready for the stresses of spawning. Especially for the bigger females who produce massive amounts of eggs in the long spawning season. March is a time that these fish must feed heavily and build up as much energy reserves as possible.

In early spring, bream will feed heavily on underwater insects, and they will also take small fish which get too close. Any kind of lure that looks like something edible will be taken by big, hungry bream in March.

March is prime ultra-light spinning tackle season. Anglers who use a six-foot, very lightweight rod with a matching lightweight reel and 4 to 6 lb. line will be in great shape for some early bream fishing. This very lightweight rod and reel allows some long casts with very small lures and bait.

March is prime time for Alabama anglers to use small crankbaits worked slowly along deep water ledges and drop-offs. The color of the lure is not very important, but retrieve and action is. There are several scaled-down crankbaits which are designed for use on bream, and big bream have a hard time resisting a wiggling crankbait brought in their neighborhood.

These mini-crankbaits need to be retrieved just fast enough to get them to the depth you want and no faster. A slow side to side wobble is the best action, and a pause to let the little crankbait slowly rise in the water is a good technique, too. The big bream often take the crankbait as it slowly floats up.

A deadly technique for March big bream fishing in Alabama is to use a very light jig-head, say 1/8 to 1/16 oz., with a short soft plastic body. Either a small grub or my favorite, a two-inch long plastic worm, will often work very well when fished slowly along the bottom.

The only real problem with fishing these little ultra-light lures for early spring bream is that very often, some big slab crappie and some quite large bass will often take these lures intended for bream. Especially in the bigger reservoirs, bream anglers may have to sort through a lot of big slab crappie when fishing for early spring bream. Most anglers will figure out how to deal with this sort of problem when it arises.

For a very interesting time, if a live bait angler can find some very small crawfish, say two-inches long or smaller, these little mudbugs are absolutely deadly on big pre-spawn bream. The little crawfish can be hard to find. Look in spring creeks and in shallow water ponds to find them. But if a bucket of little mudbugs can be located, some very fast, early-spring fishing for some very big bream is a real possibility.

A strong late-winter cold front can keep the big bream in deeper water until true spring arrives and gets the water up toward the magic 70-degree mark which triggers most of the bream spawning activity.

But regardless of the March weather conditions, anglers can find some very good fishing for very big bream. Just keep casting and looking until the right shoreline and the right drop-off is found, and then have some fun.

Also known as Porgy, New Zealand Tai, Squirefish, Australia Red Seabream, Cockney, Red Bream, New Zealand Medai, Old Man Snapper, Schnapper, Brim or Red Hawaiian Porgy, this Australian Snapper, a species of porgie, is one of the most iconic fish of New Zealand. 041b061a72


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